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AS 22 – (Accounting Income) Accounting for Taxes on Income

by | Apr 26, 2024 | Income Tax | 0 comments

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Important Keyword: Accounting for Taxes, AS 22, Income from Business & Profession, Income Tax.

AS 22 – Accounting for Taxes on Income

The primary objective of Accounting Standard 22 (AS 22) is to provide guidelines for the accounting treatment of taxes on income. This standard addresses situation where taxable income may diverge from accounting income, leading to challenges in aligning taxes with revenue for a specific period. By establishing consistent principles for recognizing and accounting for income taxes, AS 22 aims to enhance transparency and accuracy in financial reporting. This standard ensures that companies appropriately reflect their tax obligations and liabilities in their financial statements, facilitating a clearer understanding of their financial performance and position.

Types of Income

Accounting income refers to the net profit or loss reported in the statement of profit and loss for a specific period, before considering income tax expenses or savings.

Taxable income represents the income (or loss) for a period as determined by tax laws, upon which income tax payable is calculated.

Differences between Taxable and Accounting Income

Taxable income may deviate from accounting income due to various factors:

  1. Disallowed Expenses: Some items debited in the profit and loss account are not permitted as expenses under tax laws.
  2. Partially Allowed Expenses: Certain expenses fully debited in the profit and loss account are only partially allowed or amortized over time under tax laws.
Timing and Permanent Differences

These differences are classified into two categories:

  1. Timing Differences: These differences arise in one period but are adjusted or reversed in subsequent periods. Examples include provisions for bad debts and expenses allowed on a payment basis.
  2. Permanent Differences: These differences between taxable and accounting income do not reverse subsequently. Examples include non-deductible expenses like goodwill amortization and disallowed personal expenditures.
Application of AS 22

Accounting Standard 22 (AS 22) mandates the recognition of deferred tax for all timing differences. It ensures that financial statements reflect the impact of transactions during the year, whether current or deferred.

What is Deferred Tax Asset?

DTA arises when taxable income exceeds accounting income, resulting in higher tax payable based on tax laws. This creates an asset since taxes are paid in advance, with benefits expected in the future.

What is Deferred Tax Liability?

DTL occurs when accounting income exceeds taxable income, leading to lower tax payable under tax laws. It represents a provision for taxes payable in future years, as the amount paid is less than the actual amount per books.

Computation of DTA/DTL
Computation of Accounting IncomeYear
ParticularsOneTwoThree
Profit Before Depreciation & Tax2,00,0002,50,000200,000
Less: Depreciation-20,000-20,000-30,000
Accounting Profit (PBT)   (A)180,000230,000170,000
Computation of Taxable IncomeYear
ParticularsOneTwoThree
Accounting Profit (PBT)   (A)180,000230,000170,000
Add: Depreciation as per books20,00020,00030,000
Less: Depreciation as per income tax Act-70,000
Taxable Profit130,000250,000200,000
Tax rate30%30%30 %
Current tax39,00075,00060,000
Deferred Tax ComputationYear
ParticularsOneTwoThree
Opening balance of timing difference-50,000-30,000
Addition-50,000
Deletion20,00030,000
Closing Balance-50,000-30,000
Tax rate30%30%30 %
Deferred Tax-15,000-6,000
DTA/DTL to be shown in Balance SheetDTLDTLNIL
Amount for P&L-15,0006,0009,000
To be Debited/Credited to P&LDebitedCreditedCredited
Reason for Debit/CreditCreation of DTLReversal of DTLReversal of DTL
Tax Expense in booksYear
ParticularsOneTwoThree
Current Tax39,00075,00060,000
Deferred Tax12,000-6,000-9,000
Total Tax54,00069,00051,000
Accounting Profit (PBT)   (A)180,000230,000170,000
Profit After Tax (A-B)126,000161,000119,000

Read More: Deferred Tax Assets: Definition, Types, and Treatment

Web Stories: Deferred Tax Assets: Definition, Types, and Treatment

Official Income Tax Return filing website: https://incometaxindia.gov.in/

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