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Income from Let out House Property

by | May 3, 2024 | Income Tax | 0 comments

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Important keyword: Income from House Property, Income Heads, Section 80EE.

Income from Let out House Property

Owning a home has long been a cherished aspiration for the Indian middle class. As homeownership becomes a reality for many, it’s crucial to grasp the tax implications associated with different types of House Property Income. Under the Income Tax Act, House Property Income falls into three main categories:

  1. Self-occupied House / Permanent Residency: This category includes properties that are used as the primary residence of the owner. If you live in the property you own, it falls under this classification. The tax treatment for self-occupied houses differs from that of rented properties.
  2. Let out House / Rented Property: Properties that are rented out to tenants fall into this category. Any income generated from renting out such properties is considered Let Out House Property Income. The rental income earned is taxable under the head “Income from House Property.”
  3. Deemed Let out House Property/ Vacant House: Properties that are neither self-occupied nor rented out are classified as Deemed Let Out House Property or Vacant Houses. Even if these properties remain unoccupied, they are deemed to be let out for tax purposes. This means that not deriving any income from a property does not exempt it from taxation.

How to Calculate Let Out House Property Income?

Rental Income: This refers to the total rent received by the property owner during the financial year.

Municipal Taxes: If you’ve paid any Municipal Taxes for your property, you can claim a deduction for the same under Section 23 of the Income Tax Act.

Standard Deduction: Homeowners incur various expenses for maintaining and preserving their property. However, these expenses cannot be directly deducted from rental income. To address this, homeowners can avail of a 30% standard deduction on the Net Annual Value under Section 23.

Home Loan Interest Payment: Interest paid on a home loan is considered an allowable expenditure when calculating income from house property. For self-occupied properties, a deduction of up to Rs. 2,00,000 is permitted. However, the deduction is limited to the amount of rent received if the property is let out. Also, any loss exceeding Rs. 2,00,000 cannot be set off against other incomes.

Home Loan Principal Repayment as Deduction: Under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, individuals can claim a deduction for home loan principal repayment of up to Rs. 1,50,000.

Additional Deduction u/s 80EE: First-time home buyers can avail of an additional deduction of Rs. 50,000 under Section 80EE. This is in addition to the deductions available under Section 24(b) and Section 80C.

Benefit of Co-ownership of Property

Absolutely, joint ownership of a property, known as co-ownership, offers tax advantages for all co-owners. When multiple individuals own a property together, the income generated from that property is taxable in the hands of each co-owner according to their ownership share. This means that the tax burden is distributed among the co-owners based on their respective ownership percentages.

Co-ownership not only allows individuals to share the financial responsibilities and benefits of owning a property but also provides an opportunity to optimize tax liabilities. By spreading the tax liability across multiple individuals, co-ownership can result in significant tax savings for each co-owner. This makes it a favorable option for many people looking to invest in property while also managing their tax obligations efficiently.

Income Tax Deductions for Joint Owners

When it comes to co-ownership and co-borrowing of a home loan, the tax implications vary depending on the roles of each individual involved:

Co-owners and Co-borrowers:

If co-owners of a self-occupied property are also co-borrowers of a home loan, each co-owner can claim a deduction on the interest paid on the loan, up to Rs. 2 lakh each.

Additionally, they can claim deductions on principal repayments, stamp duty, and registration charges under Section 80C, with an overall limit of Rs. 1.5 lakh. The deduction amount for each benefit is determined based on the share of ownership in the property.

Co-borrowers without Co-ownership:

If an individual is a co-borrower of a home loan but not a co-owner of the property, they cannot claim deductions on the interest paid on the home loan.

Furthermore, they are not eligible for any benefits related to principal repayment, stamp duty, etc.

Co-owners without Co-borrowing:

If an individual is only a co-owner of a property and not a co-borrower of the loan, they cannot claim deductions on the interest paid on the home loan.

However, each co-owner can claim deductions on stamp duty and registration charges under Section 80C, with an overall limit of Rs. 1.5 lakh. The deduction amount is divided based on the respective ownership shares in the property.

In summary, the tax benefits available to co-owners and co-borrowers are contingent upon their roles in the ownership and financing of the property, with each scenario offering different deduction opportunities under the Income Tax Act.

Read More: Income from Deemed Let-Out House Property

Web Stories: Income from Deemed Let-Out House Property

Official Income Tax Return filing website: https://incometaxindia.gov.in/

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