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Who should file Schedule AL (Assets and Liabilities) in ITR?

by | Apr 25, 2024 | Income Tax | 0 comments

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Schedule AL (Assets and Liabilities)

The Government of India has been implementing several updates to streamline the Income Tax Returns (ITR) process. One significant addition to ITR compliance is the inclusion of “Schedule AL (Assets and Liabilities).” Typically, individuals engaged in business or a profession are obligated to furnish asset and liability details via a Balance Sheet in their ITR. However, certain taxpayers are now required to disclose their assets and liabilities specifically at year-end. For these cases, the Schedule AL comes into play, providing a designated section to input such information. This enhancement ensures a more comprehensive and transparent reporting of financial data, contributing to greater accuracy and compliance in the taxation process.

What is Schedule AL?

The Schedule AL mandates specified taxpayers to divulge comprehensive details of their assets and corresponding liabilities. Its inclusion was driven by the necessity to maintain records of assets held by specific groups of individuals. This schedule encompasses the disclosure of various asset categories owned by the taxpayer, including immovable property, movable property, and financial assets. Additionally, it requires the disclosure of all liabilities associated with these assets. While not mandatory for all taxpayers, Schedule AL ensures a thorough documentation of assets and liabilities for the specified group, promoting transparency and compliance within the taxation framework.

When is Schedule AL (Assets and Liabilities) applicable?

The obligation to disclose assets and liabilities pertains specifically to individuals and Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs) whose annual income surpasses INR 50 lakh. This requirement is applicable to those filing Income Tax Returns (ITRs) using forms ITR-2 and ITR-3. It’s worth noting that this additional disclosure is in conjunction with the Balance Sheet requirement for business or professional income filers using ITR-3. Therefore, while not mandatory for all taxpayers, individuals and HUFs meeting the specified income threshold must furnish particulars of their assets and liabilities alongside their tax returns, ensuring a more comprehensive financial disclosure.

What if total income of taxpayer is exactly INR 50 lakhs?

Understanding the intricacies of income tax calculations and deductions is crucial for accurate reporting. Let’s explore Sweksha’s scenario to illustrate this:

Sweksha’s gross annual income amounts to INR 53 lakh. However, she qualifies for tax deductions under Section 80C (INR 1.5 lakh) and Section 80D (INR 50,000). Additionally, she benefits from a deduction on home loan interest amounting to INR 1 lakh per annum. Consequently, her net income reduces to INR 50 lakh after considering these deductions.

In this case, since Sweksha’s total income exactly matches the INR 50 lakh threshold and she is eligible for tax-saving deductions, Schedule AL is not applicable to her income tax return filing.

However, if Sweksha didn’t have the benefit of the home loan interest deduction, her net income would rise to INR 51 lakh. This would exceed the INR 50 lakh threshold, making it mandatory for her to fill Schedule AL as part of her income tax return.

Understanding how deductions impact total income helps taxpayers determine their compliance requirements accurately, ensuring they fulfill their tax obligations effectively.

What details are required to be disclosed in schedule AL?

Taxpayers are required to provide specific details in Schedule AL as follows:

  1. Immovable Property:
    • Report the cost of land and buildings owned by the taxpayer.
  2. Movable Property:
    • Detail cash in hand.
    • Specify the cost of jewelry, bullion, aircraft, vehicles, yachts, and boats owned by the taxpayer.
  3. Additional Details for ITR 3 Filers:
    • Provide information about deposits or investments made in banks.
    • Disclose investments in shares and securities.
    • Report loans and advances given by the taxpayer.
    • Specify details of insurance policies held.
    • Include the cost of archaeological collections, drawings, paintings, etc.
  4. Liabilities (Loans):
    • Disclose any liabilities (loans) associated with the above-mentioned assets and investments.
Guidelines to file Schedule AL (Assets and Liabilities)

When filing Schedule AL, it’s crucial to adhere to the following guidelines:

  1. Disclosure of Assets at Cost:
    • Report assets at their original cost, including any expenses for improvements made to the asset.
  2. Exclusion of Personal Accessories:
    • Assets do not include personal items like wearing apparel or furniture meant for personal use by the taxpayer or their dependent family members.
  3. Inclusion of Various Asset Types:
    • Report various asset categories, including:
      • Land, buildings, and immovable assets.
      • Financial assets like shares, securities, and deposits.
      • Loans and advances, insurance policies, and cash in hand.
      • Jewelry, vehicles, yachts, aircraft, boats, and bullion.
  4. Definition of Jewelry:
    • Jewelry encompasses ornaments made of precious metals or alloys and may or may not contain precious or semi-precious stones. It also includes details of such stones, whether set or not.
  5. Cost of Acquired Assets by Gift or Inheritance:
    • If an asset is acquired through a gift, inheritance, or any other mode specified in Section 49(1), report its cost as the previous owner’s cost plus any improvement expenses incurred by them.
  6. Estimation of Asset Value:
    • If the cost of an asset cannot be determined and no wealth tax return was filed, estimate its value using the circle rate or bullion rate as of the acquisition date by the taxpayer.
  7. Requirement for Non-Resident Individuals:
    • Non-residents and individuals not ordinarily resident in India must provide details of assets situated within India.
  8. Reporting of Liabilities:
    • Disclose all liabilities related to the assets, such as housing loans, vehicle loans, and personal loans.

By adhering to these guidelines, taxpayers ensure accurate and compliant reporting of their assets and liabilities in Schedule AL of their income tax returns.

Read More: Notice for Non-filing of Income Tax Return: Submit Response on E-Compliance Portal

Web Stories: Notice for Non-filing of Income Tax Return: Submit Response on E-Compliance Portal

Official Income Tax Return filing website: https://incometaxindia.gov.in/


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